Gout is an incredibly common type of painful arthritis. It generally affects only one joint at a time, (usually the large toe). Occasionally, however, there are instances when gout symptoms become more severe, referred to as flares. There have been cases when gout patients experience a flare up lasting for several weeks. When the flare ups last longer than two weeks, they are referred to as recurrent gout.
The majority of patients with chronic tophi have no symptoms. They have gout without treatment, which means that without trying to control the uric acid levels, they will just keep building up in their joints until they have trouble walking or even standing. Gout symptoms are often very sensitive to changes in diet and lifestyle. A patient who is having difficulty avoiding gout because she is on a low-salt diet may suddenly start having problems when her levels are high. The flare ups can occur suddenly and without warning.
Gout occurs when uric acid builds up in the body due to too much food and water intake, strenuous activity and certain conditions. These conditions trigger the production of too much uric acid, which is stored in the joints. Gout attacks usually occur during the night and they may be accompanied by fever, aches and pains, swollen feet, and dark purplish-red blood in the urine. If gout does not get treated nano fast, it can progress to the point where the kidney stones, bones, and cartilage are damaged. There can be internal damage as well, with the vessels and organs of the body becoming irritated.
The primary gout symptoms are swelling, particularly of the feet and ankles, tenderness, pain and stiffness in affected joints. Other symptoms of gout include impotence, fatigue, kidney stones, nausea and vomiting. Many of these symptoms can occur at any time of the day or night. If gout is left untreated it can progress, resulting in serious damage to the joints. The symptoms may also become lessened over time, although there is always a chance that they will flare up again.
There are several possible causes of gout. One of the most common causes of gout is kidney failure, which is why most patients taking medications for high blood pressure and diabetes are advised to also take medications for hyperuricemia. Other possible causes of gout include the medication taken to treat rheumatoid arthritis, which commonly cause gout, and certain types of heart failure, which often lead to higher levels of uric acid in the blood. Other possible causes of gout include taking certain medications for high blood pressure, kidney disease and diabetes. It is important to note that many of these medications have side effects that can contribute to gout.
Many of the medications used in the treatment of gout have side effects, including stomach irritation, chest pain, diarrhea, dizziness and lightheadedness. Some of these medications, such as colchicine, are referred to as NSAIDs, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These drugs reduce the inflammation caused by the formation of uric acid crystals.
Other factors that may contribute to gout and its associated symptoms include obesity, poor nutrition, alcoholism, smoking and consumption of red meats. Gout is more common in people who weigh at least a hundred pounds, especially in men. People who are overweight tend to have weaker bones, which increases the risk of developing gout. Women are more likely to develop this condition if they weigh more than a hundred pounds, but are not necessarily overweight. Men who eat large amounts of red meat, or who are overweight, are also at higher risk for hyperuricemia, which is associated with gout.
Some patients may only be able to treat their gout by taking medications. If you have gout, it is important that you consult with your physician to determine the best treatment plan. Your physician will want to know about your medical history and what other medical problems you have had. You will probably be put on a course of medications that will help reduce the painful symptoms of gout. If you suffer from kidney stones, you will also be put on a course of medications to prevent the build up of uric acid in the blood, which can lead to the formation of kidney stones and even to gout.